Predictors Influencing the Choice of Lodging Option: A Systematic Literature Review of Homestays




In the tourism industry, lodging establishments play a crucial role. Each, more and more tourists look outside the typical hotel for their accommodation requirements. One of the fastest-growing segments of the hotel sector is homestays. This research aims to provide a more comprehensive view of the topic by consolidating the factors found in previous studies that lead tourists to select homestays. This study seeks to bring together the different reasons that have been discovered by studies that encourage visitors to choose homestay as a lodging option to gain a more in-depth understanding of the issue. In this research, the authors elected to conduct a review study in the form of a Systematic Literature Review (SLR). Seventy-four papers published between January 2000 and June 2022 were examined. This study examined Emerald, Sage, Elsevier, Wiley Online Library, Scopus, and Taylor & Francis Online databases. The PRISMA flowchart was utilized to conduct a comprehensive view of the topic. The SLR findings reflect that underlining factors like "feeling at home," "personalized service," "safety and security," "real, local touch/desire to engage in local culture," and "budget-friendly" are the primary motivating factors for visitors to choose homestay over other types of accommodation. This study can offer several suggestions to improve tourists' satisfaction with homestays,. Homestay owners, managers, and investors can use this study to create policies, directions, and recommendations for running homestays. Concerning motivations and attribute concerns, this study may give homestay destination marketing managers a more realistic picture of tourist satisfaction.


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Author Biographies

Anup Singh Patwal, School of Hospitality Management, IMS Unison University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India


Anup Singh Patwal is presently pursuing Doctoral Program (Ph.D.) Hotel Management from IMS Unison University Dehradun Uttarakhand India and presently working with Institute of Hotel Management (NCHMCT), Dehradun, Uttarakhand July-2014 as Assistant Lecturer. He is a double post-graduate in Hospitality Management (MBA-HM) from Kurukshetra University, Haryana & Tourism Management(MTM) from IGNOU New Delhi. He is UGC-Net Qualified in Tourism Administration and Management in the year 2017. He is a Certified Hospitality Trainer from (CHT) from IHM Pusa under NCHMCT and the Ministry of Tourism Jointly. And Certified Learning Facilitator (CLF) from NCHMCT Noida and Lausanne Hospitality Consulting, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Vinay Rana, School of Hospitality Management, IMS Unison University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India


Prof. Dr. Vinay Rana is Dean of the School of Hospitality Management, IMS Unison University, Dehradun Uttarakhand, India. He has vast experience in Hospitality Industry, Academics, and Research, spanning over 27 years. He is a well-respected trainer in hospitality education and has established and developed various professional hospitality institutes in Northern India. He started his career in the capacity of a chef and worked in various prestigious hotel properties, both in India & overseas. Dr.Rana has been conferred various Awards and accolades such as “Aspiring Researcher Welcome 2015-16” by the Indian Hospitality Congress, Educator of the Year Award 2016 by the International Society for Hospitality Education, and many more.


Vivek Kumar Pathak, School of Management, IMS Unison University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India


Dr. Vivek Kumar Pathak is an Assistant Professor at IMS Unison University. He is a Ph.D. from Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi, India, and UGC (NET) qualified. He has an MBA from Motilal Nehru Institute of Research and Business Administration (MONIRBA), Allahabad, specializing in Marketing and HR. Before joining IMS, he was associated with the International Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR), New Delhi. He has participated in several research projects funded by agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) in India, etc. He has six years of teaching and research experience, and his interest areas are Consumer Behaviour, Integrated Marketing Communication, etc.





How to Cite

Patwal, A. S., Rana, V. ., & Pathak, V. K. (2023). Predictors Influencing the Choice of Lodging Option: A Systematic Literature Review of Homestays. Journal of Tourism and Services, 14(26), 263–284.