Labour Migration and Tourism Flows: the Case of the EU

Reference: Přívarová, M., Martincová, M., Trnovský, K. & Hačár, D. (2022). Labour Migration and Tourism Flows: the Case of the EU. Journal of Tourism and Services, 24(13), 271-289. 10.29036/jots.v13i24.374

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29036/jots.v13i24.374

Abstract

During the last decades, the deepening of globalisation has led to an intensification of two forms of international human mobility – tourism and migration. Considering the high proportion of migrant workers in the tourism industry, migration’s possible negative or positive impact on international tourism comes to the forefront. The current article aims to explore the influence of migration, including labour migration, on tourism flows and the impact of tourism flows and migration on the labour market both in donor and host countries. The statistical basis of the analysis was the annual panel data on labour market and tourism indicators for selected EU member states. We have built three panel data econometric models on 17 member states of the European Union on the data from 2005 to 2019. The results suggest that migration and labour migration are significant factors for international tourism and the labour market, with immigration positively impacting both the tourism industry and labour market. At the same time, emigration has a negative effect mainly due to the possible “brain drain” in the donor countries. On the other hand, international tourism has a strong positive influence on the labour market, providing strong evidence for the phenomena of migration-led tourism in the selected member-states of the European Union. Our primary assumption in this regard is that immigration and labour migration contribute to the increase in international tourism arrivals through VFR tourism and cultural enrichment of the destination countries. The current study contributes to the modern research on the interconnections between labour market and tourism. Policy makers can use the results to improve labour market and tourism conditions.

Author Biographies

Magdaléna Přívarová, University of Economics in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Magdaléna Přívarová is a professor at the department of economics at the University of Economics in Bratislava. She is the person responsible for the Study Programme Economic Policy (graduate level). Her primary teaching subjects are basic economics and economic theory. Her research focuses on international migration and tourism, the theory of economic imbalance, and the regulation theory. She has many published works in authoritative scientific journals.

Marta Martincová, University of Economics in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Marta Martincová is an associate professor in the department of economics at the University of Economics in Bratislava. She is the head of the macroeconomics section. Her primary teaching subjects are economic theory, basic economics, and macroeconomics. She is the author and co-author of several university textbooks, monographs, and scripts, as well as several articles in domestic and foreign journals and conference proceedings registered in the Web of Science database. Her research areas are macroeconomics, labour market, economic policy, and human capital.

Karol Trnovský, University of Economics in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

Karol Trnovský is an assistant professor in the department of economics at the University of Economics in Bratislava. He is the coordinator of the Academic Information System. His primary teaching subjects are basic economics and economic theory. His research areas include the different macroeconomic aspects of European integration, tourism, migration, and the common currency.

Dušan Hačár, Faculty of Economics and Business, Pan-european University, Bratislava, Slovakia

Dušan Hačár is doing his doctoral studies at the Faculty of economics and business at the Pan-European University in Bratislava under the Study program “Economics and Management of International Business”.

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Published

2022-06-30